Print Friendly, PDF & Email

Ophthalmology Mnemonics

The best ophth mnemonics for medical student finals, OSCEs and MRCP

 

  • Acquired causes of cataracts (DAMAGED)

    • Diabetes
    • Aging
    • Myopia/ Myotonic dystrophy
    • Anterior uveitis (chronic)
    • Glaucoma
    • Electricity/ radiation/ trauma
    • Drugs (e.g. amiodarone, busulfan, chlorpromazine, dexamethasone)

 

  • Causes of optic atrophy (ICING)

    • Ischaemia
    • Compressed nerve
    • ICP increased
    • Neuritis
    • Glaucoma

 

  • Causes of optic neuropathy (NIGHT TIC)

    • Neuritis
    • Ischaemia (Giant cell arteritis, vasculopaths)
    • Granulomatous infiltration
    • Hereditary (e.g. Friedrich’s ataxia)
    • Traumatic
    • Toxins (e.g. methanol, ethambutol, methotrexate, amiodarone)
    • Irradiation
    • Compression

 

  • Signs of optic neuropathy (PLAC)

    • Pale disc
    • Loss of visual acuity/ Loss of red colour vision
    • Afferent pupillary defect
    • Central scotoma
    • Symptoms of retinal detachment (4 F’s)
    • Floaters
    • Flashes
    • Field loss
    • Falling acuity