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Pharmacology Mnemonics

The best medication mnemonics for medical student finals, OSCEs and MRCP

 

  • ACE inhibitor side effects (CAPTOPRIL)

    • Cough
    • Angioneurotic oedema
    • Proteinuria
    • Taste disturbance/ Teratogenic in 1st trimester
    • Other (fatigue, headache)
    • Potassium increased
    • Renal impairment
    • Itch
    • Low BP (1st dose)

 

  • Beneficial effects of inhibition of prostaglandin synthesis i.e. paracetamol and NSAIDs (5 A’s)

    • Analgesia
    • Antipyretic
    • Anti-inflammatory
    • Antithrombotic
    • Arteriosus (NSAIDs for closure of patent ductus arteriosus)

 

  • Side effects of systemic corticosteroids (CORTICOSTEROIDS)

    • Cushing’s syndrome
    • Osteoporosis
    • Retardation of growth
    • Thin skin, easy bruising
    • Immunosuppression
    • Cataracts and glaucoma
    • Oedema
    • Suppression of HPA axis
    • Teratogenic
    • Emotional disturbance
    • Rise in BP
    • Obesity (truncal)
    • Increased hair growth (hirsutism)
    • Diabetes mellitus
    • Striae

 

  • Drugs that potentiate warfarin (O DEVICES)

    • Omeprazole
    • Disulfiram
    • Erythromycin
    • Valproate
    • Isoniazid
    • Ciprofloxacin and Cimetidine
    • Ethanol (acutely)
    • Sulphonamides

 

  • Drugs that decrease the effectiveness of warfarin (PC BRAS)

    • Phenytoin
    • Carbamazepine
    • Barbiturates
    • Rifampicin
    • Alcohol (chronic use)
    • Sulphonylureas

 

  • Side effects of sodium valproate (VALPROATE)

    • Vomiting
    • Alopecia
    • Liver toxicity
    • Pancreatitis/ Pancytopenia
    • Retention of fats (weight gain)
    • Oedema (peripheral)
    • Anorexia
    • Tremor
    • Enzyme inhibitor