Rheumatology

Hand Examination

How to present a patient with a median nerve lesion for doctors, medical student exams, OSCES, PACES and USMLE

Ankylosing Spondylitis

Ankylosing Spondylitis   Definition of ankylosing spondylitis (AS) An inflammatory disease of the spine affecting young (usually) HLA-B27 positive a...

Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis A disease of synovial joints characterised by cartilage loss and accompanying periarticular change   Epidemiology of osteoarthritis (OA...

Septic Arthritis – Questions

Common Septic Arthritis exam questions for medical finals, OSCEs and MRCP PACES   Question 1. Staph aureus Streptococci Neisseria gonorrho...

Septic Arthritis

Septic Arthritis   Definition of septic arthritis Infection of the joint space. Can rapidly destroy a joint over hours to days, so a high index o...

Lower Back Pain – Questions

Common Lower Back Pain exam questions for medical finals, OSCEs and MRCP PACES   Question 1. Insidious onset Onset at young age Worse in the...

Lower back pain

Lower back pain   Background Most low back pain is ‘mechanical’ and self-limiting; however some back pain is sinister (i.e. caused by malignancy, osteopo...

GCA and PMR – Questions

Common GCA and PMR exam questions for medical finals, OSCEs and MRCP PACES   Question 1. Temporal headache Jaw claudication Scalp tenderness...